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Nelson Mandela


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Nelson Mandela

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela

Nickname: 'Madiba'

Former President of South Africa

Currently resides in: Gauteng, South Africa

Born 18-07-1918 in Umtata South Africa

Deceased 05-12-2013 (95 years old) in Johannesburg

Nelson Mandela was the first South African president of a truly democratic South Africa. He was elected president in 1994, in South Africa's first democratic election, and served until 1999. Prior to becoming president, Mandela was an anti-apartheid activist: the leader of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the ANC and both president of the ANC Transvaal branch and the ANC's deputy national president. In 1952 Mandela and Oliver Tambo opened the first black legal firm in the country. Mandela served 27 years in prison, some of which were on Robben Island, after being convicted of “plotting to destroy the South African state by sabotage” at the now famous Rivonia trial. He was released from prison on 11 February 1990. Mandela has received more than 250 awards over four decades, most notably the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. His birthday has been named Mandela Day in his honour, with the United Nations General Assembly observing the first ever annual 'Nelson Mandela Day' on Sunday, 18 July 2010. In 2011, a book about Nelson Mandela entitled 'Nelson Mandela by Himself: The Authorised Book of Quotations' was released.

Web presence

Business Address

107 Central Street, Houghton, Johannesburg, 2198

Professional Portfolios

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Make Poverty History - Nelson Mandela

in Nelson Mandela Video's

Mandela's Life Story

in Nelson Mandela Video's

Professional details

Previous Position(s)

Co-founder | The Elders
South Africa | July 2007

Social Development and Community Services

South African President | Government of South Africa
South Africa | 1994 - 1999

Government, Public Administration and Defence

First Commander-in-Chief | Umkhonto we Sizwe
1961 - 1962

Social Development and Community Services

National Volunteer-in-Chief | Defiance Campaign | African National Congress Youth League
1952 - 1952

Government, Public Administration and Defence

Co-founder | African National Congress Youth League
Johannesburg, South Africa | September 1944

Social Development and Community Services

Article Clerk | Witkin, Sidelsky and Eidelman
Johannesburg, South Africa | 1941 - 1951

Government, Public Administration and Defence

Night Watchman | Crown Mines
Johannesburg, South Africa | 1941 - 1941

Mining, Energy and Natural Resources

Educational history


University of the Witwatersrand

Awarded in 1991

Honorary Doctorate

University of Oxford

Honorary Doctorate

Rhodes University

Awarded in 2002

Honorary Doctor of Laws

University of South Africa

Completed 1942

Bachelor of Arts

Britains' Open University

Awarded in 2004

Honorary Doctorate

University of Cambridge

Honorary Doctorate

Open University

Awarded in 2004

Honorary Doctorate

University of Lesotho

Maseru, Lesotho | Awarded in September 1979

Honorary Doctor of Laws

Michigan State University

Awarded in 2008

LLD Honoris Causa

University of Lancaster, Britain

Awarded in 1983

Honorary Doctor of Laws

University of Mauritius

Awarded in September 1998

Honorary Degree

Free University of Brussels

Awarded in 1984

Honorary Bachelor of Laws

Ahmadu Bello University

Awarded in 1985

Honorary Doctor of Laws

University of Zimbabwe

Awarded in 1986

Honorary Doctor of Laws

University of Michigan

Awarded in 1986

Honorary Degree

University of Havana, Cuba

Awarded in 1986

Honorary degree

University of Carabobo, Venezuela

Awarded in 1988

Honorary Doctorate

University of Bologna

Awarded in 1988

Honorary Degree in Political Science

York University, Canada

Awarded in 1989

Honorary Doctor of Laws



Honorary Citizen | Belgrade, Serbia

Ambassador of Conscience Award | Amnesty International's

Freedom of the City | City of Johannesburg

Congressional Medal of Achievement | Philippine Congress

Outstanding Children's Literary Work | Robert Well

Honourable Fellow | Magdalen College, Cambridge

First Annual King Shaka Award | King Goodwill Zwelithini

Honorary Canadian Citizenship | Governor General of Canada | 2001

Honourable Queens Council | Queen Elizabeth

Atatürk International Peace Prize | Turkey | 1999

Congressional Gold Medal for Being a Distinguished Citizen of the World | US Congress

Pierre de Coubertin International Fair Play Award | International Olympic Committee

Freedom of the City of Oxford

Philadelphia Liberty Medal | President Bill Clinton

Nobel Peace Prize | Nobel Awards | 1993

Nishan-e-Pakistan | Government of Pakistan | 1992

International Peace Prize | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Bharat Award | Government of India

Commander of the Order of Nigeria | Nigerian Government

He was the only second foreigner to receive this award.

Grand Commander of the Federal Republic of Nigeria | Lagos, Nigeria

Dr Antonio Agostinho Neto Order | People's Republic of Angola

Lenin Peace Prize | Soviet Union | 1990

Freedom of the City of Harare | Harare, Zimbabwe

Agusto Cesa Sandino Award | Daniel Ortega, President of Nicaragua

Peace Prize | Tipperary Peace Committee

United Nation's Human Rights Forth Award | United Nations

Medal of Peace | People of Levkada

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought | European Parliament | 1988

Freedom of the City of Dublin | City of Dublin

Bremen Solidarity Prize | Federal Republic of Germany

Sakharov Prize | European Parliament

First Person to Receive the Freedom of the City of Sydney | Sydney

International Peace and Freedom Award | Workers International Centre

Alfonso Comin Foundation Peace Award | Alfonso Comin Foundation Barcelona

Third World Prize | Strategic and International Studies Group

Freedom of Borough of Islyn | Islwyn, Wales

Freedom of the Municipality of KweKwe | KweKwe,

W E B DuBois International Medal | National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People

Diploma of Honour and Friendship | University of Rio de Janeiro

Freedom of the City of Rio de Janeiro | Brazil

Ludovic-Trarieux International Human Rights Prize | Human Rights Institute of the bar of Bordeaux

Freedom of the City of Hull | Hull, United Kingdom

The Third World Prize-Social and Economic Studies | Third World Foundation

Playa Giro Award | Fidel Castro

Freedom of City of Aberdeen | 1984

Freedom of the City of Wijnegen | Belgium

Order of 'Star of International Friendship' in Gold | German Democratic Republic

Simon Bolivar Prize | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Simon Bolivar International Prize | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Freedom of the City of Glasgow | City of Glasgow | 1981

Dr Bruno Kreisky Prize for the field of Human Rights | D Bruno Kreisky

by the International Panel of Judges, Vienna, Austria

Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding | India | 1980

by the Indian Council for Cultural Relations New Delhi, India

Other Achievements



National Union of Mineworkers

Honorary Life President, 1990 - present

Isipingo and District football Association, Natal

Patron, 1987 - present

National Union of Seamen, Britain

Honorary Member, 1986 - present

Writers and Journalist Against Apartheid

Life patron, 1985 - present

Students Association,University of Strathclyde, Scotland

Honorary Member, 1985 - present

University of London Students' Union

Honorary Life Member, 1975 - present

University of Leeds Students' Union

Honorary President, 1965 - present

Students Union University College London

Honorary President, 1964 - present

National and Local Government Officers Association Britain

Honorary Member, 1984 - present

National Union of Teachers, Great Britain

Honorary Member, 1988 - present

National Union of Mineworkers of South Africa

Honorary Life President, 1986 - present

London School of Economics and Political Science Students' Union

Honorary Life President, 1982 - present


African National Congress

President, 1991 - 1997

African National Congress

Deputy President, 1990 - 1991

African National Congress Youth League

President, 1948 - 1952

African National Congress Youth League

Secretary, 1947 - 1948

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